欧洲冠军联赛

TEBAOLUO

YOUJIFEISHUICHULIZHENGTAOJIEJUEFANGANDINGZHIZHUANJIA

化学软化

CHANPINJIESHAO:

除去或减少蒸发原水中的钙盐或镁盐等的过程叫做硬水软化。软化的方法主要有药剂软化法和离子交换法。
详细介绍

欧洲冠军联赛 CHUQUHUOJIANSHAOZHENGFAYUANSHUIZHONGDEGAIYANHUOMEIYANDENGDEGUOCHENGJIAOZUOYINGSHUIRUANHUA。RUANHUADEFANGFAZHUYAOYOUYAOJIRUANHUAFAHELIZIJIAOHUANFA。


YAOJIRUANHUAFA

①SHIHUIRUANHUAFA JIANGSHENGSHIHUIJIASHUIDIAOCHENGSHIHUIRUJIARUSHUIZHONGZEKEXIAOCHUSHUIDEZANSHIYINGDU,FANYINGWEI

Ca(HCO3)2+Ca(OH)2→2CaCO3↓+2H2O

欧洲冠军联赛 Mg(HCO3)2+2Ca(OH)2→Mg(OH)2↓+2CaCO3↓+2H2O

TONGSHISHIHUIRUNENGSHIMEI、TIEDENGLIZICONGSHUIZHONGCHENDIANCHULAI,CUSHIJIAOTILIZININGJU,DANCIFABUNENGSHISHUICHEDIRUANHUA,TAZHISHIYONGYUTANSUANYANYINGDUJIAOGAOERBUYAOQIUGAODURUANHUADEQINGKUANG,YEKEZUOWEIQITAFANGFADEYUCHULIJIEDUAN。


②SHIHUICHUNJIANRUANHUAFA JIYONGSHIHUIRUHECHUNJIANDEHUNHEYEZUOWEISHUIDERUANHUAJI。CHUNJIANNENGXIAOCHUSHUIDEYONGJIUYINGDU,RU

CaCl2+Na2CO3→CaCO3↓+2NaCl

MgSO4+Na2CO3→MgCO3↓+Na2SO4


③ZONGHERUANHUAFA YISHIHUIRUHECHUNJIANZUOWEIJIBENRUANHUAJI,YISHAOLIANGLINSUANSANNAWEIFUZHURUANHUAJI。LINSUANSANNANENGYUZAOCHENGZANSHIYINGDUJIYONGJIUYINGDUDEYANLEISHENGCHENGNANRONGYANSHIZHICHENDIAN。


LIZIJIAOHUANFA

LIZIJIAOHUANFAKEYIRENWEISHIYIZHONGTESHUDEXIFUGUOCHENG。NAXINGYANGLIZIJIAOHUANJINENGCONGRONGYEZHONGXIFUDUOZHONGYANGLIZI,ERBABENSHENDENALIZIFANGRURONGYEZHONG,CONGERDADAORUANHUADEMUDE。JIAOHUANJIZHONGLEIHENDUO。WUJILIZIJIAOHUANJIJIAOHUANRONGLIANGJIAOXIAO,GONGYESHANGYINGYONGJIAODUODEHUANGHUAMEIYEQUYUTAOTAI,MUQIANPUBIANSHIYONGDESHIYOUJIGAOFENZIJUHEWU,YOUJIAOLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHI。LIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIYOUYOUJIGAOJUWUBENTIHENENGJINXINGJIAOHUANDEYANGLIZIHUOYINLIZIGOUCHENG,FENWEIYANGLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIHEYINLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHI(CANJIAN“LIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHI”)。YANGLIZIJIAOHUANSHUZHIYOUYINSUODAIJIAOHUANJIDEBUTONGFENWEINAXING(R—Na)、QINGXING(R—H)、ANXING(R—NH4)DENG。LIZIJIAOHUANSHIYIZHONGKENIGUOCHENG,DANGYINGSHUILIUGUONAXINGJIAOHUANSHUZHISHI,Ca,MgDENGLIZIANXIASHIBEIJIAOHUAN:

2R-Na+Ca2+=CaR2+2Na


SUIZHEFANYINGDEJINXING,JIAOHUANSUDUYUELAIYUEMAN,JIERTINGZHIJIAOHUAN。CISHIBIXUYONGSHIYANSHUICHONGXIJIAOHUANJI,SHIFANYINGXIANGZUOJINXING,JIAOHUANJIDEYIZAISHENG。SHIJIYINGYONGZHONGDECAOZUOGUOCHENG: ①JIAOHUAN YUCHULIDESHUILIUGUOLIZIJIAOHUANJICENG,JINXINGJIAOHUAN,ZHIZHIJIAOHUANJISHIXIAO; ②FANCHONGXI SHISHUINIXIANGLIUGUOYISHIXIAODELIZIJIAOHUANJI,CHUQUJIAOHUANSHIJUJIDEXUANFUWUHEPOSUIDEJIAOHUANJI,BINGSONGDONGJIAOHUANJICENG; ③JIARUZAISHENGJI SHIZHIJINXINGZAISHENGFANYING,BINGJIANGJIAOHUANXIALAIDECa,MgDENGLIZIDAICHU,HUIFUJIAOHUANJIDENENGLI;④ZHENGXI SHISHUILIUJINGJIAOHUANJICENG,QUCHUSUOYOUDEZAISHENGJI。

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